eru ist eines der beliebtesten Reiseziele in Südamerika und es gibt viele Gründe für eine Peru Reise. P eru is one of the most popular travel destinations in South America and there are many reasons for a Peru trip. First and foremost, of course, the incredibly impressive cultural treasures and Inca ruins such as Macchu Picchu , which is even considered one of the new seven wonders of the world. In addition to the Inca ruins Peru has of course beautiful colonial buildings from the Spanish colonial era. Scenic Peru also has a lot to offer variety. The third largest country in South America is divided into three regions: the coastal region , which is heavily influenced by the Humboldt Current and is characterized by arid desert regions, the Amazon rainforest and the Andean highlands with mountains over 6,000 meters high. And with Lake Titicaca, Peru and Bolivia have the highest navigable lake in the world. Nature and culture lovers will find plenty of variety here.
Peru capital: Lima
Peru Currency: Sol (PEN)
Peru First >
Peru Travel Tips: What highlights do you have to see in Peru?
Being on Macchu Picchu once in my life - that was the reason for my trip to Peru and probably for most tourists. But there are even more highlights to see in Peru. The following Peru attractions are worthwhile in any case:
- Nazca lines
- Colca Canyon
- Cuzco Sacred Valley of the Incas
- Macchu Picchu
- Montagnes Colorado
- Titicacaa lake and Uros islands
My full itinerary through Peru - Bolivia - Chile can be found here.
Peru Travel Tips: How long to plan for a Peru trip?
Since the journey to Peru is quite long (flight time between 12 and 15 hours, depending on the stopover), I recommend a trip for at least 16 days , better still for 3 weeks . So you can get to know the country extensively, take your time and get to know all the highlights. Or you combine your Peru trip with one of the neighboring countries as I did (Peru-Bolivia-Chile). You should also remember that the distances are quite large - Peru is the third largest country in South America.
Peru travel tips: alone, individually or in a group to Peru?
Peru is a favorite destination for backpackers and individual tourists. With buses and public transport you can easily reach the tourist highlights of the country. However, I like traveling in a group where everything is organized and I do not have to worry about anything, just enjoy the journey. When choosing a tour operator I make sure that there is a certain amount of country expertise, which means that they have a good knowledge of the region, work together with local companies and have fair standards.
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Peru Travel Tips: The best travel time for Peru
Since Peru is a huge country in terms of area, it covers several climates and depending on the region you want to visit, temperatures can fluctuate. The country is divided into three regions: Andean highlands, coast and Amazon. But there is a certain high season and best travel time for Peru:
Peak season in Peru from July to September
The travel time from July to September falls in the Peruvian winter time or dry season . During this time, most tourists travel through Peru and the main attractions can be very crowded. However, the climatic conditions are very good for hiking, as it is mostly sunny and dry. At night it can be very cold (minus temperatures).
Best travel time Peru for the Andes: May to October
The sky above the Macchu Picchu is blue and clear and it hardly rains. But the nights in the Andes are very cold. Temperatures down to -20 degrees at night in August may occur. Otherwise, the temperatures are at a height of 1,000 to 2,000 meters to the 15 to 20 degrees . The higher you get, the colder it gets. Heaters are mostly not available in the houses. In August and September, most tourists travel through Peru and it can be very crowded on the usual tourist routes (especially on the Inca Trail). In October , fewer tourists are on the usual paths and many recommend the month as the ideal travel time. The advantage in October is that the temperatures do not drop so much at night and it is warmer. However, it can also rain. I was in Peru from mid to end of October and was lucky enough to have never rained and the temperatures were warm and there were fewer tourists, which was very pleasant. It can also be cheaper.
In the months of December to March is rainy season and it can come to heavy rains, then make climbing the mountain peaks no fun or the roads and paths are partially inaccessible. Some attractions are even closed, eg the Inca Trail is closed in February.
Best time to visit Peru for the Amazon: May to October
In the Amazon, there is a year-round tropical climate with sultry hot temperatures around 35 degrees and frequent rain showers. During the rainy season in the Peruvian summer, there are stronger showers. At night it cools down to about 21 degrees.
Best travel time Peru on the coast: November to March
On the coast there is a contrasting climate, here is the best travel time of the Peruvian summer, so in our winter months. This is the ideal travel time for those who like to surf or stay on the coasts.
Peru Travel Tips: Find Flights to Peru
Peru Travel Tips: Hotels Accommodations
You will find my hotels accommodations in Peru in my article My Itinerary Peru - Bolivia - Chile.
Peru Travel Tips: Travel to Peru
German citizens are required to enter Peru
- Passport , valid for at least 6 months upon arrival
A visa is not required for tourist purposes and stays of up to 90 days.
Customs and exit
- Cultural objects must be approved by the Peruvian customs authorities prior to departure.
- Coca-leaves are confiscated from customs at import in Germany because they are covered by the Narcotics Act
Peru Travel Tips: Time Difference
In the summertime, the time difference is -7 hours, in the winter time -6 hours
Peru Travel Tips: Health Vaccinations
I am not a physician, so I can only pass on the information that is generally recommended. Please talk to a doctor and possibly a tropical medicine doctor before traveling. The Foreign Office recommends the following:
- Yellow fever vaccination
if you travel to the yellow fever regions, for example in the Amazon and east of the Andes below 2.300m.
The vaccination is recommended to all travelers from the age of 9 years. The yellow fever vaccine should be taken no later than 10 days before entry . Yellow fever vaccinations are only done by tropical doctors and health authorities. Inquire in advance in your city and tell me when the appointment, so that the vaccine is in stock. If you are arriving directly from Germany or from a neighboring country with yellow fever, proof of vaccination is not mandatory, but for your own protection it is recommended in the affected regions. If you travel between yellow fever regions in the Peruvian and Bolivian Amazon, the authorities may require proof of vaccination. The international vaccination certificate is always to take with you.
- Standard travel vaccinations according to Robert Koch Institute (this includes a measles vaccine)
- Hepatitis A + B (twinrix vaccine)
- possibly rabies (I do not have)
Health risks in Peru
A checklist for your first-aid kit can be found here
The following health risks and illnesses can occur according to the Foreign Office:
Zika virus Chikungunya virus
The Zika virus can be transmitted via the day-active Aedes mosquito and leads to malformations in the unborn child during pregnancy. Likewise, the Chikungunya virus can be transmitted. It shows similar symptoms as dengue fever.
Dengue can occur nationwide via daytime mosquitoes. The symptoms are fever, rash, severe body aches.
There are no vaccinations against these diseases, so the best protection is a good mosquito repellent with Deet content and good long-sleeved clothing.
Malaria is transmitted via nocturnal Anopheles mosquitoes and can end up deadly if left untreated. The danger of malaria is that the symptoms can still occur weeks or months after traveling in a malarial area. Against malaria helps only with good clothes (long-sleeved) and mosquito spray to protect. In Peru there are the following malaria regions:
Lima, Cuzco, Machu Picchu, Andean Highlands, the coast in the south of Lima, Ica, Nazca
Low malaria risk in regions below 2000 meters:
Ayacucho, Junín, Loreto, Madre de Dios, San Martin, Puerto Maldonado, Iquitos.
Diarrhea other health risks
if you observe the following rules, the risks for diarrheal diseases are lower:
- always washing your hands, especially before eating
- do not drink tap water (not even to brush your teeth)
- Drink water only from packaged bottles (if possible, do without ice cubes)
- cook it, peel it or leave it: cook, peel or just not eat. Cooked and peeled fruit and vegetables reduce the risk of infection
Diarrhea can also occur as a side effect of altitude sickness. You should definitely plug something into the first-aid kit. First aid kit Checklist
Leptospirosis is transmitted by rodent secretions contaminated water and runs like a flu, but can cause liver and kidney damage. It's best you talk to a tropical medicine doctor.
Excretions of raub bugs that hide in cracks in simple dwellings in rural areas can cause flu-like symptoms. A bednet and sleeping bag can be very helpful here. Bacteria can also be present in contaminated fruit and sugarcane juices.
Altitude sickness ("Soroche")
Those who travel to the Andes can be affected by altitude sickness. At over 2,500 meters, the air gets thinner. Physical efforts are more difficult (remember, if you intend to do one of the treks, such as Inka Trek or Lares Trek). The symptoms of altitude sickness are dizziness, headache, sleep disorders and vomiting. If that happens you should take a break or go back down to low altitudes. It is therefore important to acclimatize for at least 1 day at this altitude so that the body can adjust slowly to the altitude. The symptoms usually appear when you go too fast too high.
my experience with altitude:
I did not know before how my body reacted to the altitude and it is different for everyone. At 3,000 meters and above, I had a slight dizziness and a slight headache. The disappeared at some point by itself again. However, I was able to sleep only 4 hours at night for 2 weeks and woke up punctually at 4:00 in the morning. Whether that came from the height, the time change, or the coca tea I pulled in every morning to help with the symptoms of altitude sickness, I do not know, but lack of sleep bothered me the most. My fellow travelers often suffered from diarrhea and nausea, one had real altitude sickness and needed oxygen from the local doctor.
A checklist for your first-aid kit can be found here
My recommendation: to conclude travel health insurance!
Be sure to conclude a travel health insurance. Passing can quickly and what the cost, even with only a small doctor visits, can quickly become very expensive. You should also pay attention that the insurance includes a return transport to Germany. I was traveling in a tour group, of which 2 people had to go to a doctor, one because he had altitude sickness, the other because he had shortness of breath during the Inca Trail, with suspected heart attack. I have travel insurance that is valid year round and offers worldwide protection. These are available from 10 euros per year, eg:
Peru Travel Tips: Money Currency
The Peruvian currency is called Peruvian Sol (PEN). With the credit card, you can withdraw money from ATMs. I definitely recommend the credit cards from the DKB, with which you can (for active customers) withdraw cash for free worldwide and pay for free. In addition, you get a free credit card sent abroad in case of loss. Also, the credit card Santander Bank is recommended. I advise you against dollars, because you accept currency losses. Cash withdrawals at the machine is also cheaper than exchanging euros locally (price losses and change fee). Also, I do not recommend that you travel through South America with so much cash in your pocket.
In this article, I wrote you down which credit cards are particularly well suited for travel abroad:
What to do in case of loss or theft of cash and credit cards?
Unfortunately I had to do this experience already and that was definitely one of my worst experiences in life. In this article, I wrote you down how you behave in this case and come back to money:
Peru Travel Tips: How much is a Peru trip?
Peru is not necessarily a cheap travel destination. Entrance fees are quite expensive, for example, the cost of the bus from Aqua Caliente to Machu Picchu is just $ 12, back and forth so $ 24. This does not yet include admission. A simple lunch costs between 8 and 15 euros. As always, the cost of a trip depends of course on your personal travel style and what you want to experience everything. Here's a rough guide:
Inka Trail (4 days): about 500 USD
Bus Macchu Picchu - Aqua Caliente: 24 USD round trip
Admission Maccu Picchu: about 40 to 50 euros
Lunch: 30 to 50 Sol (up to about 15 Euro)
Espresso: 10 Sol (about 2,70 Euro)
Pisco Sour: 7-15 Sol (up to 4 Euro)
On average, I spent about 20 to 30 euros per day for food and drinks . Excursions were also added. In addition, tips for drivers and guides, about 5 euros per guide and driver / day (in Peru, unfortunately, very much expected). For the travel costs (hotels + transfers, etc.) you should at least mind about 1000 euros per week .
Peru Travel Tips: Security Crime
As everywhere in the world and especially in less developed countries, you should not openly display expensive jewelery and valuables such as mobile phones and cameras. In Peru train stations and bus stations are more likely to steal, especially in tourist centers and cities. Even in markets and fiestas you should always be mindful in the crowd. Always carry money and a passport on your body and make copies of important documents. How you protect yourself from theft abroad and what tools there are, I wrote down in this article:
The tricks of thieves in Peru:
- usually there are several culprits who try to distract tourists. A popular trick is the Beckleckern with ketchup
- someone drops coins
- spit on
- It's best to take a backpack on your lap in the bus
- Do not go to slums without a guide
- Buy tickets not on the street but at agencies
- Only withdraw money in closed buildings from shopping malls and banks
- Taxis can be ordered from the hotel
Tourists are sometimes abused as drug addicts. You should not do any favors and carry gifts and parcels, certainly not across the country's borders. The police are attacking very hard and also tourists go to jail. I also always had my luggage in view. It is recommended to be very careful, especially before border crossings.
Peru Travel Tips: Eating in Peru
I have to say that vegetarians in Peru and South America find it extremely difficult to find something to eat. Although the land has everything to vegetables, you just do not get it on the plate. It seems to be very uncreative in the restaurants. I was partly really hungry, fortunately I eat fish (so only partial vegetarians), otherwise it would be really hard. In larger cities, of course, there are tourist restaurants with pizza pasta, but that's not what you really want. But meat eaters get their money's worth.
National dish Ceviche
In Peru you should definitely try the national dish Ceviche. Ceviche is raw fish served cold with red onions and lime juice and is very refreshing. For this you eat corn or potato puree. I only dare eat the raw fish in the coastal region and nothing happened to me. Everything tasted good.
National drink: Pisco Sour
The national dish is the Pisco Sour. This is a grape brandy, which is mixed with lime juice and protein and tastes very delicious. You can also visit a Pisco distillery in Peru, preferably in the same named place Pisco, which is located at Ica and near the Balleastas Islands (see tip in my itinerary Peru - Bolivia - Chile).
As a tasty appetizer "Causa" there is often a stuffed avocado with mashed potatoes and egg (possibly with chicken). I also ate quinoa soup more often, where the locals can afford almost no quinoa, because they export everything abroad, where it is sold as superfood. Unfortunately, domestic prices have risen so much that farmers can no longer afford their own products. Sad.
In Peru, there are also delicious olives in the south, which make spaghetti as a pesto and also make a vegetarian like me happy. Also trout eg from the lake Titicaca are very good.
Otherwise, there are lots of chicken for meat eaters. But of course you can also eat as exotic as grilled guinea pigs (the poor guinea pigs) and alpaca or lama steaks (the poor alpacas and llamas that are sooo cute).
Peru Travel Tips: Peru Packing List
What to pack for a Peru trip? Packing has already presented me with some challenges, as I wanted to be prepared for different climatic conditions and different regions. I have written down my complete Peru packing list with everything you need for a trip to Peru in this article:
Peru Travel Tips: Travel Guide Recommendations
I hauled two guides to Peru. I'm a fan of the Stefan Loose travel guides, but this time I have to say, I found the Lonely Planet better. First, I found it better structured, which was because he worked out exactly my itinerary chronologically, while I always had to leaf through the Loose. On the other hand, he also had a little more information that actually helped me. But both guides are great!
Was this article helpful to you? Are you missing an info that I should definitely mention? Write me in the comments!
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